"The Mighty 12th"

National Service Battalion Holsworthy

 

A History of the 2 different National Service Schemes

THE FIRST SCHEME 1951-59~~~** THE SECOND SCHEME 1965-72

 

Between 1951 and 1972, a total of 287,000 young Australian men were called up in two separate schemes for compulsory training in the Navy, Army and Air Force. Of them, 212 died on active service in Borneo and Vietnam. National Service was part of Australia’s defence preparedness for three decades.
THE BACKGROUND
National Service was a product of the post-World War Two global and regional conflicts facing Australia. These began with the Berlin blockade by the Soviet Union in 1948; the first Arab-Israeli war the same year; Communist insurgencies in Malaya and Vietnam; Communist North Korea’s invasion of South Korea in 1950, the Suez Canal crisis of 1956, confrontation with Indonesia in Borneo in 1962 and the Vietnam War. The threat of nuclear war hung over the entire world.
The outbreak of the Korean war in 1950, coupled with the Malayan Emergency and the Viet Minh uprising against the French in Vietnam, appeared to threaten Australia directly. Recruiting for the regular Armed Services proving insufficient, the Menzies Government re-introduced conscription which had ended in 1945. The legislation had bi-partisan political support.
National Service was in the Australian tradition since Federation in 1901 of volunteer forces for overseas service backed up by a pool of basically trained men in the Naval Reserve, the Citizens Military Forces and the Citizens Air Force. In the first scheme from 1951 to 1959, National Servicemen could nominate a Service preference but in practice most were allocated to units near their homes. The Navy and Air Force gave preference to family of former personnel or members of Cadet units. Overseas service was automatic.
A major change for the Army was that National Servicemen were given the option, at call-up, to volunteer for service anywhere overseas if war occurred. Further Corps training would have been needed. Most Nashos volunteered. World War Two militia had been restricted to Australia and territories in the south-west Pacific ‘associated with the defence of Australia’.
The Korean armistice was signed in 1953 and no new direct threats developed during that decade, so the basic role of National Servicemen was seen as that of reservists.
The second scheme from 1965 to 1972 for the Vietnam war involved two years full-time service integrated into expanded regular Army units, with overseas deployment where required.
THE FIRST SCHEME 1951-59
In the first National Service scheme between 1951 and 1959, all young men aged 18 were called up for training in the Navy, Army and Air Force. A total of 227,000 served in 52 intakes.
Navy A total of 6,862 National Servicemen did their training in intakes named after Australian pioneers or explorers at HMAS Penguin in Sydney, HMAS Cerberus at Flinders Naval Depot on Westernport Bay in Victoria, HMAS Lonsdale in Melbourne and HMAS Leeuwin near Perth.
National Servicemen in the Fleet Air Arm trained at the Royal Australian Naval Air Station HMAS Nirimba at Schofields airfield in Sydney’s north-west and at HMAS Albatross near Nowra. Sea service was done on ships of the Fleet.
The Army was allocated the largest proportion of men – about 198,000 - and formed ten National Service Training Battalions. The locations of the Battalions were: Queensland, 11 Battalion at Wacol; New South Wales, 12 Battalion at Singleton and Holsworthy, 13 Battalion at Ingleburn and 19 Battalion at Old Holsworthy and Holsworthy; Victoria, 14, 15 and 20 Battalions at Puckapunyal and Watsonia; South Australia, 16 Battalion at Woodside; Western Australia, 17 Battalion at Swanbourne; Tasmania, 18 Battalion at Brighton.
The 11th Battalion, with 1500 trainees at its peak, was the largest. It served Queensland and Papua New Guinea. Trainees from the northern rivers of New South Wales from Tweed Heads to Newcastle and the New England tableland were sent north to Wacol or south to Singleton and Sydney as required. Some National Servicemen from Canberra, Queanbeyan, Yass, Goulburn and other southern NSW centres trained at Puckapunyal in Victoria. Northern Territory and Broken Hill National Servicemen trained at Woodside in South Australia.
Air Force About 23,500 National Servicemen undertook their training in National Service Training Units and were allocated to Flights, corresponding to platoons, at the major air bases and depots throughout Australia including Garbutt in Townsville, Toowoomba and Oakey on the Darling Downs, Amberley near Ipswich and Archerfield in Brisbane; Richmond, Rathmines, Williamtown, Bankstown, Forest Hill and Uranquinty near Wagga Wagga in New South Wales; Fairbairn in Canberra; Point Cook, Laverton, Frognall, Tottenham, Ballarat and East Sale in Victoria; Mallala near Adelaide and Pearce and Merredin near Perth. Trainees from South Australia and Tasmania also went to Laverton.
National Service Instructors were drawn from all three Services and most had World War Two, Korean, Borneo or Vietnam combat experience. National Servicemen in both schemes received the standard basic training for all new recruits.
SERVICE NUMBERS
Navy National Service numbers were followed by NS (i.e. 4382NS) in sequence from the first intake. An A preceded Air Force numbers. In Army and Air Force numbers, the first digit (i.e. 2/771128 or A111409 ) usually indicated the State in which the trainee was called up: 1 Queensland, 2 New South Wales, 3 Victoria, 4 South Australia, 5 Western Australia, 6 Tasmania and 1 (later 8) Papua New Guinea.. Some first scheme trainees from southern New South Wales had 3 prefixes and during the Vietnam-era some trainees were assigned numbers from other States. In Army numbers the second digit was always a 7. First scheme Army numbers had an oblique, Vietnam-era numbers did not.
TRAINING PERIOD
Under the National Service Act 1951, all young men turning 18 on or after l November 1950 were required to undertake 176 days standard recruit training in the Navy, Army and Air Force, followed by five years in their respective Reserves. The first call-up notices were issued on 12 April 1951 and the first National Servicemen marched in during July.
The Navy required its National Servicemen for 124 days continuous training and then thirteen days training each year for four years in the Naval Reserve. Army trainees initially were required to serve 98 days continuous basic training followed by 78 days training in the Citizen Military Force over three years. Army Nashos without a unit near their home, if required, returned to the nearest base to complete their obligation . The Air Force required its trainees for a continuous 176 days.
Australians resident in Papua-New Guinea could fulfil their obligation in Australia or by six year’s service in the Papua-New Guinea Volunteer Rifles.
In 1955 the Navy and Air Force reduced training to 154 days and discontinued National Service in 1957. In 1957, the Army reduced initial training to 77 days and part time service in the CMF to 63 days over two years. It also reduced the call-up through a birthday ballot from the second intake of 1957. The last intake of the first scheme was in August, 1959.
The Australian Government decided on 24 November 1959 to discontinue National Service and on 30 June 1960 all National Servicemen were declared to have honourably discharged their obligation.
Those in the first scheme did not see active service, but National Servicemen were on Naval ships that visited Korean waters during hostilities. They also were at the atomic bomb tests in 1952 at Monte Bello Islands in Western Australia and in 1956 at Maralinga in South Australia. RAAF National Servicemen worked on aircraft that had flown through atomic clouds. National Servicemen were placed on alert as part of a wider standby for active service during the Suez Canal crisis in 1956 but the crisis passed.
THE SECOND SCHEME 1965-72
With the outbreak of Confrontation with Indonesia between 1963 and 1966 and the Vietnam War, recruiting again was insufficient and the Government introduced the National Service Act 1964.
In the second scheme men aged 20 were selected by a birthday ballot for the Army. The Navy and Air Force did not use National Service for Vietnam. An alternative allowed those liable to conscription to elect, a year before the ballot, to fulfil their National Service obligation by six years service in the CMF. Some 35,000 did so until this option was abolished. Another option was that National Servicemen, upon call-up, could apply to serve three years full-time in the Navy or RAAF instead of in the Army.
Between 30 June 1965 and 7 December 1972, a total of 63,735 were called up for two years fulltime service integrated into regular Army units. This was reduced to 18 months in 1971.
Of them 150 served in Borneo and 19,450 in Vietnam. The remainder served in support units in Australia, Malaysia and Papua-New Guinea.
After twelve weeks initial training at 1 Recruit Training Battalion at Kapooka, NSW; 3 R.T.B. at Singleton, N.S.W.; or 2 R.T.B. at Puckapunyal, Victoria; National Servicemen were assigned to the many different Corps.
About 1500 were selected for officer training at Scheyville in Sydney and were commissioned as second lieutenants. Another 600 who were teachers were promoted to sergeant and posted to Papua-New Guinea for 12 months to educate soldiers of the Pacific Islands Regiment at Port Moresby, Goldie River, Lae and Wewak.
Most were allotted to the Infantry, enabling the Army to increase the Royal Australian Regiment from five to nine Battalions for the first time.
During Confrontation with Indonesia between 1963 and 1966, the Government committed 3 Battalion of the Royal Australian Regiment to Borneo in 1965, succeeded by 4RAR, plus support units. All Battalions were rotated through Vietnam between 1966 and 1971. Most units gave National Servicemen the choice of active service and most volunteered. Of them, two died in Borneo and 210 in Vietnam. They included six who enlisted upon call-up or re-enlisted and three voluntary National Servicemen.
The McMahon Government withdrew Australian units from Vietnam in 1971. In 1972, the Whitlam Government, using the expedient of ‘exceptional hardship’ , discharged National Servicemen from the Army and passed the National Service Termination Act in 1973. The Defence Legislation Amendment Act of 1992 repealed the National Service Act 1951 but the then Labor Government retained conscription in a time of war with prior Parliamentary approval.
NATIONAL SERVICE IN REVIEW
Australia had compulsory training in the Citizens Military Forces at various times between 1910 and 1945. The 1951 National Service Act revived this with National Servicemen, after their basic training, completing their obligation in their respective Reserves. In 1980 the CMF was reorganised as the Ready Reserve and then the Army Reserve. The Citizens Air Force became the Air Force Reserve. The Naval Reserve remained virtually unchanged. In 2001 the Defence Act was amended so that Reservists could be called up for overseas service.
Despite the compulsion, National Servicemen of both schemes did their training, active and reserve duties well and honourably and most regarded it as a rewarding part of their lives. They served overseas in Borneo, Vietnam, Malaysia and Papua-New Guinea.
In 2001, the Australian Government recognised the contribution of National Servicemen to Australia’s defence preparedness with the award of the Anniversary of National Service 1951-1972 Medal. The bronze medal is of double-sided design with the recipient’s service number and name engraved on the rim. The front depicts the tri-service badge surmounted by the Federation star and the words ‘Anniversary of National Service 1951-1972’ and the other side the Southern Cross on a field of radiating lines inside a cog wheel representing the integral role of the armed services in the Australian community. Both sides are surmounted by the Crown.
The ribbon uses the colours of the three Services during the National Service era - Navy white, Army jungle green and RAAF light blue - and Australia’s then national colours of blue and gold. The ochre strip represents the land. In 2006, National Servicemen, along with all other servicemen and women, were awarded the Australian Defence Medal.
Because National Service was drawn from the entire community, many National Servicemen from both schemes later rose to high positions in politics, business, the professions and the community. They include Governors-General Bill Hayden and Dr.Peter Hollingworth; deputy Prime Minister Tim Fischer and Federal Minister Wilson Tuckey; Victorian Premier Jeff Kennett; Queensland deputy Premier, Sir Llew Edwards; Queensland Chief Justice Paul De Jersey; Major-General Rod Fay, businessmen Lindsay Fox and Sir James Hardy; television personalities Clive James and Graham Kennedy; entertainer Normie Rowe, tennis player Lew Hoad, cricketer Doug Walters and car racing legends Peter Brock and Dick Johnson. There were Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander and Pacific Islander Nashos.
However, the domestic divisions over the Vietnam War saw National Servicemen, particularly those who had active service, in the invidious position of not only being conscripted by a selective ballot but also subjected to public derision by some of the Australian public on their return. These divisions have seen both sides of politics reluctant to consider National Service to supplement chronic shortfalls in voluntary recruiting.
All National Servicemen are ex-servicemen. They march on Anzac Day, Remembrance Day, National Service Day, Vietnam Veterans Day and Reserve Forces Day in their own right.No women were called up for National Service.National Servicemen marched as a contingent in the Army’s Centenary Parade in Canberra in 2001. They wear a wide variety of Service and Corps badges on their hats, caps and berets and many are members of Unit associations in all three Services.
The late Barry Vicary founded the National Servicemen’s Association of Australia in Toowoomba, Queensland, on 28 November 1987 to seek a better deal for Vietnam-era National Servicemen and a Medal recognising National Service. When Barry learnt of the earlier and larger National Service scheme he immediately widened the organisation to include them. The Association now has branches Australia-wide and is the second-largest ex-service organisation after the RSL.
National Servicemen added a new word to the Australian language – Nasho. National Service Day, 14 February, marks the day the last Nasho marched out of camp. © Allen Callaghan May 2008
BORNEO

No. NAME STATE UNIT DIED
5713692 Mills Geoffrey F WA 22 Const Sqdn 1966

ENLISTED UPON CALL-UP
3787083 Bridgland Reginald N Vic 22 Const.Sqdn 1966

TOTAL BORNEO 2
VIETNAM
No. NAME STATE UNIT DIED

2786017 Abbott Dal E NSW 1RAR 1968
4718946 Abraham Dennis E SA 104 Signals Squadron 1967
4719565 Abraham Richard J SA 9RAR 1969
2784699 Allen Norman G NSW 7RAR 1967
2784162 Annesley Frederick J NSW 1RAR 1968
2788583 Archer Gary A NSW 9RAR 1969
2781363 Arnold Peter J NSW 6RAR 1967
1730888 Ashton William J Qld 6RAR 1967
2794278 Attwood Trevor J NSW HQ1ATF 1971
2786313 Bailey Errol J NSW 1RAR 1967
6709107 Banfield David J Tas 5RAR 1968
5715206 Barnett Stuart J WA 4RAR 1968
2782555 Bartholomew Glen T NSW 1 Field Squadron 1967
5718195 Beilken Brian C WA 4RAR 1971
5714453 Bell Alec E WA 7RAR 1968
5714249 Bell Ronald J WA 2RAR 1967
2781899 Birchell Michael J NSW 6RAR 1967
1734408 Black Trevor R Qld 9RAR 1969
2782525 Bracewell Dennis H NSW 6RAR 1967
2782812 Brady Gregory V Qld 1 Field Squadron 1967
2789684 Bramble Peter J NSW 1 Field Squadron 1969
2785180 Brett William J NSW 2RAR 1967
6708915 Brewer Kevin F Tas 4RAR 1968
3787889 Brooks Dennis L Vic 1 Field Squadron 1967
3794895 Brown Allen R Vic 6RAR 1969
3790530 Brown Lindsay N Vic 3RAR 1968
2794031 Bullman John H NSW 1ARU 1970
2786525 Byrne Robert A NSW 4RAR 1968
2787278 Campbell John A NSW 3RAR 1968
5716427 Cassano Nicola J M 5RAR 1969
4719003 Caston Robert J SA 3RAR 1968
4721369 Chapman Rodney S SA 2RAR 1971
5713804 Clark Donald M SA 5RAR 1967
3794556 Clark Raymond D M 6RAR 1970
6708750 Coombs Geoffrey J Tas 1 Field Squadron 1968
1731426 Cox James G Qld 7RAR 1967
2787020 Cox Raymond J NSW 1RAR 1968
5716239 Crouch Noel V WA 7RAR 1970
2785238 Cutcliffe Timothy J NSW 2RAR 1967
2788283 Davidson Barry N NSW 3RAR 1968
3788300 Deed Romon J D Vic 1 Field Squadron 1967
3791033 Desnoy John W Vic 3RAR 1968
4718756 De Vries Van Leeuwen Thomas J M 3RAR 1968
5715633 Dewar Keith I WA 3 Cavalry Regiment 1969
2792089 Dickson Stephen W NSW 7RAR 1970
3789770 Doherty John A Vic 3RAR 1968
1730929 Drabble Glenn A Qld 6RAR 1966
2794265 Driscoll Roger W NSW HQ1 Task Force 1971
3799249 Duff James Vic 4RAR 1971
1735143 Duffy Kenneth A Qld 6RAR 1970
2792150 Dufty Milton R NSW 7RAR 1971
5716228 Duncuff Alan L WA 1 Field Squadron 1969
1732701 Evans Paul Qld 1RAR 1968
3794256 Evans Thomas A Vic 9RAR 1969
3786921 Farren Leslie T Vic 5RAR 1966
2787344 Fisher David J NSW 3SAS 1969
4718368 Fisher Roger L NSW 3RAR 1968
1731113 Fraser John Qld 3RAR 1968
3793157 Gaffney Ronald J NSW 9RAR 1968
1730941 Gant Kenneth H Qld 6RAR Long Tan 1966
2789508 George Barry R NSW 9RAR 1969
5715657 Gibbs Ian J WA 1RAR 1968
3790395 Gillard Robert J Vic 3 Cavalry Regt 1968
6708763 Godden Guy R Tas 3 RAR 1968
1734847 Goody Philip R Qld 8RAR 1970
2787716 Graham Samuel M 4RAR 1969
2782127 Green George B NSW 5RAR 1967
2791447 Greene John G NSW 1 Field Squadron 1969
1730947 Grice Victor R Vic 6 RAR Long Tan 1966
3791920 Hannaford Michael J Vic 1 Armoured Reg 1968
2781994 Hart Peter R NSW 6RAR 1967
3789232 Hawker Norman V Vic 7RAR 1967
2794350 Hill Donald C NSW HQ 1 Task Force 1971
3786634 Holland Tony M 1 APC Squadron 1966
3794944 Holloway John W NSW 9RAR 1969
2787776 Houston Kenneth R NSW 3RAR 1968
2791326 Hurst Harold W NSW 1 Field Squadron 1970
6708488 Hyland Francis A Tas 2RAR 1967
2789790 Jackson Peter J NSW 5RAR 1969
2781847 Jewry Jack NSW 6RAR Long Tan 1966
4720992 Kavanagh Graham R SA 7RAR 1970
1733818 Kermode Raymond C Qld 9RAR 1969
1734754 Kingston Ian W Qld 6RAR 1969
1735712 Kowalski Peter F Qld 2RAR 1971
2782226 Knight Gordon NSW 6RAR 1966
2786939 Langlands Terrance E NSW 1RAR 1968
2781704 Large Paul A NSW 6RAR Long Tan 1966
4720583 Larsson Stanley G SA 7RAR 1970
1734491 Linton Matthew P NSW 5RAR 1969
2791437 Lisle Anthony Qld 1 Field Squadron 1969
3797086 Lloyd Allan L ACT 7RAR 1970
2784015 Lloyd Richard E NSW 5RAR 1967
3794096 Loughman Matthew NSW HQ1ALSG 1969
1730993 McCormack Albert F Tas 6RAR Long Tan 1966
1730994 McCormack Dennis J SA 6RAR Long Tan 1966
2782440 McDuff Peter E NSW 2RAR 1967
2784478 McGuire Raymond A NSW 4RAR 1969
3795935 MacLennan Larry J Vic 8RAR 1970
3794377 McMillan James C NSW 5RAR 1969
2785033 McMillan Ross C NSW 7RAR 1968
5715701 McPherson Lyall H WA 9RAR 1969
5716533 McQuat James L WA 8RAR 1970
3793137 Manicola Joseph G Vic 1ARU 1969
1731467 Martin William H Qld 1RAR 1968
2794496 Mathers Ian G Qld 12 Field Regt. 1971
5714739 Mathews Geoffrey F WA 3RAR 1968
2788798 Meredith Thomas F NSW 9RAR 1969
1731013 Mitchell Warren D Qld 6RAR Long Tan 1966
4717751 Mitchinson Kevin L SA 3 Cavalry Regiment 1967
3795756 Morgan John L Vic 2AOD 1970
1732186 Morrison Dayle W Qld 2RAR 1968
2787512 Muc Michael M 4RAR 1968
2788085 Muller Hans L M 5RAR 1969
3795712 Munday Barry J Vic 8RAR 1970
2788524 Murray Peter E NSW 1RAR 1968

2792729 Navarre Paul J Vic 7RAR 1970
1735386 Neal Dennis W Qld 2RAR 1970
4718427 Nelson Dennis E SA 2RAR 1967
3798081 Niblett Ralph J Vic 4RAR 1971
4717546 Noack Errol W SA 5RAR 1966
2787793 Noonan Michael J NSW 4RAR 1968
2786748 O’Brien John A NSW 1RAR 1968
2782779 O’Hara John L NSW 1 Field Squadron 1967
5717657 Pengilly Bernard M WA 4RAR 1971
6709611 Penneyston Peter L Tas 1 Field Squadron 1970
3789447 Perrin Robert G Vic 7RAR 1968
2784043 Pearce John G S NSW 1RAR 1968
1733375 Petersen Victor N Qld 4RAR 1969
3790094 Pettit Noel C Vic 2RAR 1967
4719545 Phillips Reginald A SA 9RAR 1969
3789448 Plain Douglas B Vic HQ1 Task Force 1968
4719981 Plane Bruce J SA 9RAR 1969
3786644 Pomroy Victor I Vic 3rd Cavalry Regt 1967
3795605 Poulson Daryl Vic 8RAR 1970
2790170 Power Robert E NSW 6RAR 1970
2782783 Powter Douglas R J NSW 6RAR 1965
1734329 Prior Kevin J Qld 9RAR 1969
3787580 Purcell Anthony T Vic 6RAR 1966

4719160 Quigley Anthony V SA 3RAR 1968
1733037 Ramsay Joseph S Qld 4RAR 1969
2787069 Rands John M NSW 1RAR 1968
3793403 Reidy Paul F Vic 9RAR 1969
4719818 Remeljej Alexander SA 5RAR 1969
3788172 Renshaw Terrence J Vic 1 Field Squadron 1967
2796378 Rhodes Maxwell R NSW 4RAR 1971
3796110 Richter Philip M Vic 8RAR 1970
3793978 Robertson Malcolm R Vic 1ALSG 1969
4718449 Rogers John SA 2RAR 1968
5715153 Roost Christopher W WA 4RAR 1968
1731040 Salveron Douglas J Qld 6RAR Long Tan 1966
4719367 Scales Grantley J SA 9RAR 1969
4720852 Schuit Martinus J M SA 17 Const. Squadron 1970
3791583 Scott Ian J Vic 12 Field Squadron 1968
1735424 Scott Ian N Qld 1 Field Squadron 1970
2781465 Sharp Gordon C NSW 6RAR Long Tan 1966
3790566 Sheppard Lawrence R Vic 1RAR 1968
2787074 Slattery John M NSW 1RAR 1968
3793566 Smith Baron F Qld 5RAR 1969
3794831 Smith John Vic 1 Field Squadron 1969
3797613 Smith Noel A Vic 21 Eng Sppt Tport 1971
2788912 Smith Peter C NSW 9RAR 1969
2790417 Sorrensen Gordon D Qld 9RAR 1969
2790070 Stanford Gregory Ian NSW 6RAR 1969
5718122 Sprigg Roderick J WA 4RAR 1971
4719232 Steen David J M 1 Field Squadron 1968
4719573 Sukmanowsky Michael SA 1ARU 1968
3786696 Sullivan Paul C NSW 5RAR 1965
3797623 Talbot Alan M 7RAR 1971
3787987 Taylor Leonard A NSW 3RAR 1968
2790880 Teeling Wayne E NSW 5RAR 1969
2786038 Thomson Ian J NSW 3RAR 1968
3791207 Tinkham John R Vic 4RAR 1969
4718991 Thomas William M SA 3RAR 1968
2789920 Thompson Barry J NSW 5RAR 1970
5713739 Tomas Marian WA 5RAR 1966
2792254 Towler Michael M HQ1 Task Force 1971
3791291 Trimble Bevan M Vic 1RAR 1968
2792375 Tully Desmond J NSW 2RAR 1970
4720253 Turner Timothy C SA 5RAR 1969
3787416 Tweedie Geoffrey L Vic 6RAR 1967
5715180 Van Rijsewijk Paul R M 3RAR 1968
2787255 Wallis Alan J NSW 1RAR 1968
3786978 Warburton Graham F Vic 5RAR 1966
5716163 Waring Anthony E M 5RAR 1969
5713981 Waters Brian D SA 6RAR 1967
5713748 Watson Bryan P WA 5RAR 1966
5713986 Webster David R NSW 6RAR 1967
5713751 Webster James C WA 5RAR 1967
1731955 Weston Leslie J NSW 2RAR 1967
3787607 Whiston Colin J NSW 6RAR Long Tan 1966
5715978 White James M WA 5RAR 1969
5715189 Williams Archibald S WA 1RAR 1968
3797671 Willoughby Garry I Vic 2RAR 1970
4717841 Wilsen Robert P SA 3rd Cavalry Regt. 1967
3411951 Wilson Kevin R Vic 2RAR 1968
4718082 Woolford Richard M SA 2RAR 1967
3790784 Worle Jeffrey T Vic 3RAR 1968
1732408 Young Alexander H NSW 104 Signals Sqdn 1968
1733095 Young Brian T Qld 1RAR 1968
1733547 Young Robert G Qld 3rd Cavalry Regt. 1969
M Migrant, State of residence not specified

ENLISTED UPON CALL-UP OR RE-ENLISTED
4718097 Burns Robert M 4RAR 1968
2786682 Hollis Anthony E NSW 1 Field Squadron 1970
2783512 Jackson Robert J NSW 8RAR 1970
4717754 Musicka Harold R Vic 9RAR 1969
4718855 Paterson David SA 3RAR 1971
2781563 Rinkin Kerry P NSW 5RAR 1967
Total Enlisted 6
VOLUNTARY NATIONAL SERVICEMEN

2141115 Patten Raymond B NSW 7RAR 1971
217961 Pettit Leslie J NSW 5RAR 1969
1732899 Salzmann Ronald W Qld 3RAR 1971
Total Voluntary 3

TOTAL VIETNAM 210

Compiled: Allen Callaghan B.A. October 2005

Sources:
The Australian : ‘500 - The Australians Who Died in Vietnam’, Supplement August 18 1988
The Australian War Memorial, Canberra
The Army Central Records Office, Melbourne
The Army History Unit, Canberra
The Vietnam Nominal Roll, Department of Veterans’ Affairs
National Servicemen’s Association of Australia

BORNEO

Number Name Unit Date of Death
+3787083 Sapper R.N.Bridgland 22 Const.Sqdn 31 July 1966
5713692 Sapper G.E.Mills 22 Const Sqdn 9 August 1966

VIETNAM
Number Name Unit Date of Death
4717546 Private E.W. Noack 5RAR 24 May 1966
3786921 Private L.T. Farren 5RAR 10 June 1966
3786634 Trooper T. Holland 1APC Sqn 7 July 1966
5713739 L/Cpl M. Tomas 5RAR 8 July 1966
2782226 Private G. Knight 6RAR 9 July 1966
3787580 Private A.T. Purcell 6RAR 25 July 1966
2781465 2/Lt G.C. Sharp 6RAR 18 Aug 1966
2781847 L/Cpl J.Jewry 6RAR 18 Aug 1966
1730993 Private A.F. McCormack 6RAR 18 Aug 1966
1730994 Private D.J. McCormack 6RAR 18 Aug 1966
3787607 Private C.J. Whiston 6RAR 18 Aug 1966
1731040 Private D.J. Salveron 6RAR 18 Aug 1966
1730929 Private G.A. Drabble 6RAR 18 Aug 1966
1730941 Private K.H. Gant 6RAR 18 Aug 1966
2781704 Private P.A. Large 6RAR 18 Aug 1966
2781704 Private V.R. Grice 6RAR 18 Aug 1966
1731013 Private W.D. Mitchell 6RAR 18 Aug 1966
3786978 Private G.F.A. Warburton 5RAR 1 Oct 1966
5713748 L/Cpl B.P. Watson 5RAR 10 Nov 1966
3786696 Private P.C. Sullivan 5RAR 27 Dec 1966
3787416 Private G.L. Tweedie 6RAR 28 Jan 1967
2782783 Private D.R.J. Powter 6RAR 7 Feb 1967
2781363 Private P.J. Arnold 6RAR 17 Feb 1967
2781899 Private M.J. Birchell 6RAR 17 Feb 1967
3786644 Trooper V.I. Pomroy 3 Cav Regt 17 Feb 1967
5713981 Private B.D. Waters 6RAR 17 Feb 1967
5713986 Private D.R. Webster 6RAR 17 Feb 1967
5713804 Private D.M. Clark 5RAR 21 Feb 1967
2782127 L/Cpl G.B. Green 5RAR 21 Feb 1967
4717751 L/Cpl K.L Mitchinson 3 Cav Regt 21 Feb 1967
5713751 Private J.C. Webster 5RAR 21 Feb 1967
4717641 Trooper R.P. Wilsen 3 Cav Regt 21 Feb 1967
2781994 Private P.R. Hart 6RAR 29 March 1967
2782525 Private D.H. Bracewell 6RAR 30 March 1967
173088 Private W.J. Ashton 6RAR 3 April 1967
3797086 Private R.E. Lloyd 5RAR 6 April 1967
+2781563 2nd Lt K P. Rinkin 5RAR 7 April 1967
2782440 L/Cpl P.E. McDuff 2RAR 28 April 1967
3788300 Sapper R.J.P.Deed 1 Fd Sqn 10 May 1967
2782555 Sapper G.T. Bartholomew 1 Fd Sqn 18 May 1967
2782812 Sapper G.V. Brady 1 Fd Sqn 20 May 1967
2782779 Sapper J.L. O’Hara 1 Fd Sqn 20 May 1967
3787889 Sapper D.L. Brooks 1 Fd Sqn 22 May 1967
3788172 Sapper T.J. Renshaw 1 Fd Sqn 30 May 1967
1731426 Private J.G. Cox 7RAR 26 June 1967
4718082 L/Cpl R.M. Woolford 2RAR 1 Aug 1967
2785238 Private T.J. Cutcliffe 2RAR 25 Aug 1967
4718427 Private D.E. Nelson 2RAR 28 Sept 1967
2785180 Private W.J. Brett 2RAR 30 Sept 1967
1731955 Private L.J. Weston 2RAR 30 Sept 1967
2784699 Private N.G. Allen 7RAR 10 Nov 1967
3789232 Private N.V.G. Hawker 7RAR 27 Nov 1967
3790094 Private N.C. Pettitt 2RAR 27 Nov 1967
5714249 Private R.J. Bell 2RAR 30 Nov 1967
6708488 Private F.A. Hyland 2RAR 1 Dec 1967
1732186 Private D.W. Morrison 2RAR 26 Jan 1968
5714453 Private A.E.J. Bell 7RAR 29 Jan 1968
2785033 L/Cpl R.C. McMillan 7RAR 2 Feb 1968
3789447 Private R.G. Perrin 7RAR 2 Feb 1968
4719003 Private R.J. Caston 3RAR 4 Feb 1968
6708763 Private G.R. Godden 3RAR 8 Feb 1968
37879872 Lt L.A. Taylor 3RAR 8 Feb 1968
5714739 Private G.F. Mathews 3RAR 9 Feb 1968
4718449 Private J. Rogers 2RAR 10 Feb 1968
4718756 Private T.J. DeVries Van Leeuwen
3RAR 18 Feb 1968
3789770 Private J.A. Doherty 3RAR 18 Feb 1968
4719232 Sapper D.J. Steen 1 Fd Sqn 18 Feb 1968
3789448 Private D.B. Plain HQ 1ATF 1 Mar 1968
6708750 Sapper G.J. Coombs 1 Fd Sqn 22 Mar 1968
1731113 2/Lt J. Fraser 3RAR 24 Mar 1968
4718368 L/Cpl R.L. Fisher 3RAR 26 April 1968
2786313 Private E.J. Bailey 1RAR 13 May 1968
2786748 Private J.A. O’Brien 1RAR 13 May 1968
3791583 Gunner I.J. Scott 12 Fd Regt 13 May 1968
3790566 Private L.R. Sheppard 1RAR 13 May 1968
3791291 Private B.M. Trimble 1RAR 13 May 1968
2784043 Cpl J.G. Pearce 1RAR 14 May 1968
1731467 L/Cpl W.H. Martin 1RAR 16 May 1968
2787255 Private A.J. Wallis 1RAR 16 May 1968
1732408 Signaller A.H. Young 104 Sig Sqn 16 May 1968
1733095 Private B.T. Young 1RAR 16 May 1968
3790530 Private L.N. Brown 3RAR 26 May 1968
3791033 Private J.W. Desnoy 3RAR 26 May 1968
4718991 Private W.M. Thomas 3RAR 26 May 1968
3790784 Private J.T. Worle 3RAR 28 May 1968
2786017 Private D.E. Abbott 1RAR 30 May 1968
5715206 Private S.J. Barnett 4RAR 27 June 1968
2788524 Private P.E. Murray 1RAR 9 July 1968
3790395 Trooper R.J. Gillard 3 Cav Regt 2 Aug 1968
2787278 Private J.A. Campbell 3RAR 3 Aug 1968
2787512 Private M. Muc 4RAR 13 Sept 1968
2787793 Private M.J. Noonan 4RAR 13 Sept 1968
+4718097 L/Cpl R Burns 4RAR 13 Sept 1968
4719573 Private M. Sukmanowsky 1ARU 21 Sept 1968
5715189 Private A.S. Williams 1RAR 21 Sept 1968
4718946 Signaller D.E. Abraham 104 Sig Sqn 29 Sept 1968
2788283 Private B.N. Davidson 3RAR 1 Oct 1968
6708915 Private K.F. Brewer 4RAR 8 Oct 1968
1732701 Private P. Evans 1RAR 8 Oct 1968
2787074 Private J.M. Slattery 1RAR 8 Oct 1968
2786038 Private I.J. Thomson 3RAR 19 Oct 1968
5715180 L/Cpl P.R.P. Van Rijsewijk 3RAR 19 Oct 1968
3791207 Private J.R. Tinkham 4RAR 20 Oct 1968
2787776 Private K.R. Houston 3RAR 25 Oct 1968
4719160 L/Cpl A.V. Quigley 3RAR 5 Nov 1968
5715657 Private I.J. Gibbs 1RAR 18 Nov 1968
2784162 T/Cpl F.J. Annesley 1RAR 24 Nov 1968
2786939 2/Lt T.E. Langlands 1RAR 24 Nov 1968
2787069 L/Cpl J.M. Rands 1RAR 12 Dec 1968
3791920 Tpr M.J. Hannaford 1 Armd Regt 14 Dec 1968
3793157 Private R.J. Gaffney 9RAR 16 Dec 1968
5715153 Private C.W. Roost 4RAR 23 Dec 1968
2787020 Private R.J. Cox 1RAR 28 Dec 1968
2788798 Private T.F. Meredith 9RAR 10 Jan 1969
4719545 Private R.A. Phillips 9RAR 18 Jan 1969
+4717754 Private H R Musicka 9RAR 19 Jan1969
2788912 Private P.C. Smith 9RAR 19 Jan 1969
4719981 Private B.J. Plane 9RAR 20 Jan 1969
2787716 Private S. Graham 4RAR 31 Jan 1969
1733037 Private J.S. Ramsay 4RAR 31 Jan 1969
2788583 Private G.A. Archer 9RAR 4 Feb 1969
2786525 Private R.A. Byrne 4RAR 11 Feb 1969
2784478 Private R.A. McGuire 4RAR 16 Feb 1969
1733375 Private V.N. Petersen 4RAR 16 Feb 1969
4719367 Private G.J. Scales 9RAR 5 Mar 1969
3793137 Private J.G. Manicola 1ARU 12 Mar 1969
5715978 Private J.M.T. White 5RAR 4 April 1969
2789508 Private B.R. George 9RAR 7 April 1969
1734408 Private T.R. Black 9RAR 8 April 1969
4719818 Private A. Remeljej 5RAR 11 April 1969
5715701 Private L.H. McPherson 9RAR 12 April 1969
2789684 Sapper P.J. Bramble 1 Fd Sqn 22 May 1969
3793403 Private P.F. Reidy 9RAR 25 May 1969
2790880 Private W.E. Teeling 5RAR 6 June 1969
2789790 Private P.J. Jackson 5RAR 15 June 1969
4720253 Private T.C. Turner 5RAR 15 June 1969
5716163 Private A.E. L. Waring 5RAR 16 June 1969
5715633 L/Cpl K.I. Dewar HQ 1ATF 24 June 1969
1733547 Trooper R.G. Young 3 Cav Regt 24 June 1969
2790417 Private G.D. Sorrensen 9RAR 30 June 1969
*217961 Private L J Pettit 5RAR 4 July 1969
2788085 Private H.L. Muller 5RAR 5 July 1969
4719565 L/Cpl R.J. Abraham 9RAR 6 July 1969
1733818 Private R.C. Kermode 9RAR 19 July 1969
3794096 Private M. Loughman HQ 1ALSG 19 July 1969
3794831 Sapper J. Smith 1 Fd Sqn 23 July 1969
3794377 Private J.C. McMillan 5RAR 31 July 1969
3793566 Private B.F. Smith 5RAR 11 Aug 1969
6709107 Private D.J. Banfield 5RAR 21 Aug 1969
1734754 Private I.W. Kingston 6RAR 3 Sept 1969
2787344 Private D.J.E. Fisher 3SAS 27 Sept 1969
1734329 Private K.J. Prior 9RAR 2 Oct 1969
5716228 Sapper A.L. Duncuff 1 Fd Sqn 25 Oct 1969
3794944 Private J.W. Hollaway 9RAR 26 Oct 1969
1734491 Private M.P. Linton 5RAR 4 Nov 1969
2791437 Sapper A. Lisle 1 Fd Sqn 12 Nov 1969
571642 Private N.J. Cassano 5RAR 7 Dec 1969
2791447 Sapper J.G. Greene 1 Fd Sqn 8 Dec 1969
3794895 Private A.R. Brown 6RAR 18 Dec 1969
2790070 L/Cpl G.I. Stanford 6RAR 18 Dec 1969
3793978 Private M.R. Robertson HQ 1ALSG 24 Dec 1969
3794256 Private T.A. Evans HQ 1ATF 25 Dec 1969
+2786682 Sapper A E Hollis 1Fld Sqdn 30 Jan 1970
2789920 Private B.J. Thompson 5RAR 1 Feb 1970
+2783512 Cpl R J Jackson 8RAR 28 Feb 1970
3796110 Private P.M. Richter 8RAR 28 Feb 1970
3795935 Private L.J. MacLennan 8RAR 28 Feb 1970
3795712 Private B.J. Munday 8RAR 28 Feb 1970
3794556 Private R.D. Clark 6RAR 8 March 1970
1735143 Private K.A. Duffy 6RAR 8 March 1970
2790170 L/Cpl R.E. Power 6RAR 8 March 1970
3795605 Private D. Poulson 8RAR 3 April 1970
4720992 Private G.R. Kavanagh 7RAR 21 April 1970
2791326 Sapper H.W. Hurst 1 Fd Sqn 29 April 1970
5716533 Private J.L. McQuat 8RAR 30 April 1970
1734847 L/Cpl P.R. Goody 8RAR 1 May 1970
5716239 Private N.V. Crouch 7RAR 21 May 1970
1735386 Private D.W. Neal 2RAR 29 May 1970
2792375 Private D.J. Tully 2RAR 29 May 1970
3795756 Private J.L. Morgan 2 AOD 1 June 1970
2792089 Private S.W. Dickson 6RAR 6 June 1970
4720583 Private S.G. Larsson 7RAR 6 June 1970
2792729 Private P.J. Navarre 7RAR 6 June 1970
1735424 Sapper I.N. Scott 1 Fd Sqn 14 June 1970
2794031 Private J.H. Bullman 1ARU 21 July 1970
6709611 Sapper P.L. Penneyston 1 Fd Sqn 2 Aug 1970
3797671 Private G.I. Willoughby 2RAR 8 Oct 1970
4720852 Sapper M.J.M. Schuit 17 Const Sqn 22 Oct 1970
3797086 Private A. Lloyd 7RAR 30 Dec 1970
2792150 Private M.R. Dufty 7RAR 15 Jan 1971
3797623 Private A. Talbot 7RAR 1 Feb 1971
*2141115 Private R B Patten 7RAR 6 Feb 1971
1735712 Private P.F. Kowalski 2RAR 8 Feb 1971
3797613 T/Cpl N.A. Smith 21Engr Sp Tp 28 March 1971
4721369 Private R.S. Chapman 2RAR 28 April 1971
+4718855 2/Lt D Paterson 3RAR 20 Mar 1971
*1732899 Private R W Salzmann 3RAR 14 Apr 1971
2794496 2/Lt I.G. Mathers 12 Fd Regt 7 June 1971
2794278 Private T.J. Attwood HQ 1ATF 12 June 1971
2794265 Private R.W. Driscoll HQ 1ATF 12 June 1971
2794350 Private D.C. Hill HQ 1ATF 12 June 1971
2792254 Private M. Towler HQ 1ATF 12 June 1971
5717657 Private B.M. Pengilly 4RAR 30 July 1971
2796378 Private M.L. Rhodes 4RAR 19 Sept 1971
5718195 Private B.C. Beilken 4RAR 21 Sept 1971
3799249 Private J. Duff 4RAR 21 Sept 1971
3798081 Private R.J. Niblett 4RAR 21 Sept 1971
5718122 Private R.J. Sprigg 4RAR 21 Sept 1971

Includes + National Servicemen who enlisted upon call-up or re-enlisted and voluntary National Servicemen

Compiled: Allen Callaghan B.A. Oct.2005

Sources:
Australian War Memorial, Canberra
Army Central Records Office, Melbourne